Federal Education Relief & Recovery Funds
April 20, 2021

Overview of the American Rescue Plan’s Funding Streams & Federal Relief Packages’ Timelines

Last Updated: April 20, 2021

The U.S. Department of Education will release more guidance and details about these funds. We will continue to update this page as more details become available. Questions, comments, or suggestions are welcome – please reach out to Patrick

This series of resources provides an analysis of federal education recovery funds. Each graphic is meant to support Network leaders’ planning, advocacy, and ongoing monitoring of these funds. Below, you’ll find: 

  1. A breakdown of the funding streams within March 2021’s American Rescue Plan Act (ARP) across K-12 and higher education. These graphics help clarify the scale and federal funds flowing to states and districts and to explain what the funds can be used for. 
  2. An overview of the timelines state and district leaders have to spend the funds for each of the following packages:
    • Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act (signed into law March 2020);
    • Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations (CRRSSA) Act (December 2020); and
    • American Rescue Plan (ARP) Act (March 2021)

Each package has funds specified for different streams that may include the following:

  • Elementary & Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) Fund
  • Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund (HEERF)
  • Emergency Assistance to Non-Public Schools (EANS) Program
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Funds
  • Governor’s Emergency Education Relief (GEER) Fund
  • Homeless Children & Youth Funds
  • Child Care and Development Block Grants (CCDBG)
  • Child Care Stabilization Funding

These graphics for each federal relief package show the different requirements, allowable uses, timelines, and deadlines. These details can help advocates identify critical windows for input, push for transparency, hold state and local leaders accountable, and ensure that these funds are used effectively and creatively to accelerate student learning and reinvent education.

Scroll down to view specific parts of this resource (click the titles below to view more) or click here to download the full document.

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K-12: Distribution of Education Funds in the American Rescue Plan


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Higher Ed: Distribution of Education Funds in the American Rescue Plan


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Timelines of Elementary & Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) Fund


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Timelines of Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund (HEERF)


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Timelines of Emergency Assistance to Non-Public Schools (EANS) Program


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Timelines of K-12 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Funds


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Timelines of Governor’s Emergency Education Relief (GEER) Fund


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Timeline of Homeless Children & Youth Funds


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Timelines of Child Care and Development Block Grants (CCDBG) & Child Care Stabilization Funding


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Patrick Sims

Patrick is PIE Network's Senior Director, College, Career, and Innovative Options


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